The Yoro Biological Corridor is a science-based program. Key scientific studies and presentations pertaining to the Yoro Biological Corridor and associated Yoro Model activities. Studies focus on sustainable coffee production in conjunction with forest and migratory bird conservation.

(2022) Presentation poster on Integrated Open Canopy™ (IOC™) land-sparing coffee farming created for SCA Specialty Coffee Expo in Boston.

(2021) Study, “Generating Best Management Practices for Bird and Forest Conservation” published in Springer Nature journal. Research-based recommendations for the application of land-sparing coffee production designed to conserve forest-dependent wildlife. (i.e. Integrated Open Canopy™).

Authors: Jeffrey D. Ritterson, David I. King, Raul Raudales, Richard Trubey, and Richard B. Chandler.

(2013) Study, “A Small-Scale Land-Sparing Approach to Conserving Biological Diversity in Tropical Agricultural Landscapes” published in Conservation Biology journal. Examines land-sharing models of forest conservation vs. land-sparing models, by analyzing and comparing bird population studies on shade coffee farms (land-sharing) with Integrated Open Canopy™ (IOC™) coffee farms (lands-sparing).

Authors: Richard B. Chandler, David I. King, Raul Raudales, Richard Trubey, Carlin Chandler, and Victor Julio Chavez Arce.

(2009) Study, “Measuring the Environmental Costs of Coffee Production” published in Conservation & Society journal. Examines coffee’s global environmental impacts, including: energy, water, and land use, as well as loss of forest. Particular attention is paid to the unsustainable use of forest wood being as a main source of energy for processing coffee in Central America.

Authors: Victor Julio Chavez Arce, Raul Raudales, Richard Trubey, David I. King, Richard B. Chandler, and Carlin C. Chandler.

Published Research